Scare of Nipah Virus

Forums Nipah Virus Scare of Nipah Virus

This topic contains 1 reply, has 1 voice, and was last updated by  doctatoc 8 months, 3 weeks ago.

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  • doctatoc
    Keymaster

    Nipah Virus causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus is fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus. The emerging zoonotic virus ( virus transmitted to humans from animals), Nipah virus is closely related to Hendra virus. Both are members of the genus Henipavirus, a new class of virus in the Paramyxoviridae family. In infected people, Nipah virus causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis. NiV can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers.

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    • This topic was modified 8 months, 3 weeks ago by  doctatoc.
    • This topic was modified 8 months, 3 weeks ago by  doctatoc.
    • This topic was modified 8 months, 3 weeks ago by  doctatoc.
    • This topic was modified 8 months, 1 week ago by  Doctatoc Advisor.
    • This topic was modified 8 months, 1 week ago by  Doctatoc Advisor.
    • This topic was modified 5 months, 3 weeks ago by  Doctatoc Advisor.
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  • doctatoc
    Keymaster

    Initial signs and symptoms of NiV infection are non-specific and the diagnosis is often not suspected at the time of manifestation. This can hinder accurate diagnosis and creates challenges in outbreak detection and institution of effective and timely infection control measures and outbreak response activities. In addition, clinical sample quality, quantity, type, timing of collection and the time necessary to transfer samples from patients to the laboratory can affect the accuracy of laboratory results. NiV infection can be diagnosed together with clinical history during the acute and convalescent phase of the disease. Tests include real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from bodily fluids as well as antibody detection via ELISA.  Other tests include: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and virus isolation by cell culture.

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